Unity Mitford

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The Hon.Unity Valkyrie Freeman-Mitford (8 August 1914 – 28 May 1948) was a British aristocrat and socialite, known for her close friendship with Adolf Hitler. Both in Great Britain and Germany, she was a prominent supporter of fascism and national socialism. Her sister Diana was married to Sir Oswald Mosley, leader of the British Union of Fascists.



Unity Mitford was the fifth of seven children born in London, England to David Freeman-Mitford, 2nd Baron Redesdale, and his wife, Sydney née Bowles (1880–1963). She was named after the actress Unity Moore and Richard Wagner's Valkyrie. Unity was mostly taught by governesses, but she attended a period at Queen´s Gate School in Kensington and then in 1930 at St Margaret's School in Bushey, Hertfordshire.

Growing up, Unity shared room with her sister Jessica, who was already a supporter of Communism. The two sisters quarreled politically and drew a chalk line down the middle to divide the room.

Unity meets Hitler

When her older sister Diana Mitford began to have contact with Oswald Mosley, she came in contact with Mosley's fascist party, the British Union of Fascists (BUF). Unity and Diana travelled to Germany as part of the British delegation from the British Union of Fascists, to the 1933 Nuremberg Rally, seeing Hitler for the first time. Adolf Hitler's speech and charisma did impress Unity and Diana, but especially Unity and her greatest wish was to meet him.

Unity returned to Germany in the summer of 1934, enrolling in a language school in Munich and lived there for long periods. She started sitting in the Osteria Bavaria almost every day, the restaurant where Hitler used to have lunch when he was in the city. After ten months, Hitler finally invited her to his table, where they talked for over 30 minutes, with Hitler picking up her bill. For the young Unity, it was a magical moment.

The two became friends and it was Unity who introduced Diana to Hitler. In the years that followed, her older sister Diana made several trips to Germany, where she met Hitler. Unity was inducted into Hitler's inner circle and remained with him for five years. At the end of March 1939, they had lunch at the Osteria two days in a row. Unity wrote:

“I had lunch with the Führer on Sunday and Monday, and he asked me to send you viele Grüsse [many greetings]. Both days he was in his very sweetest mood, particularly on Monday, he held my hand most of the time and looked sweet and said ‘Kind’ [child] in his sympathetic way because he was so sorry about England and Germany being such enemies. However he said nothing but wonderful things about England and he completely gave me faith again that it will all come right in the end.”[1]

The suicide attempt

On September 3, 1939, England and France declared war on Germany. In the afternoon of the same day Unity entered the English Garden in Munich and shot herself in the head. She survived the suicide attempt, and was hospitalised in Munich, where Hitler visited her. In December 1939, Unity was moved to a hospital in Bern in the neutral country of Switzerland, where her mother and youngest sister, Deborah, were waiting for her.

Stating she could remember nothing of the incident, Unity returned to England with her mother and sister Deborah in January 1940 amid a flurry of press interest. Unity never reached her previous mental level and she suffered severe headaches. During the war, she was cared for by her mother Sydney and sister Deborah. After the war, she and her mother moved to the family's Scottish island of Inch Kenneth.


She died in 1948 at a hospital in Oban of a meningitis resulting from the gunshot wound, and was buried at the small church in Swinbrook, Oxfordshire; three of her other sisters would be buried alongside her. The inscription on her gravestone reads: "Say not the struggle naught availeth."


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