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God (A.S. God; Germ. Gott; akin to Persian khoda; Hindu khooda), is the proper name of the one Supreme and Infinite Personal Being, the Creator and Ruler of the universe, to whom man owes obedience and worship. The root-meaning of the name (from Gothic root gheu; Skt. hu or hu, “to invoke or to sacrifice to”) is either “the one invoked” or “the one sacrificed to” [1]. From different Indo-Germanic roots (div, “to shine”, “give light”; thes in thessasthai, “to implore”) come the Indo-Iranian deva, Skt. dyaus(gen. divas), Lat. dews, Gr. Theos, Irish and Gaelic, dia, all of which are generic names; also Gr. Zeds(gen. Dios), Lat. Jupiter (jovpater), Old Teut. Tiu or Tiw (surviving in Tuesday), Lat. Janus, Diana, and other proper names of pagan deities. The common name most widely used is ‘ilah in Arabic, etc.; and though scholars are not agreed on the point, the root-meaning most probably is “the strong or mighty one”.


  1. see Murray, “New Dict. of the Engl.’ Language”, s.v.