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I cannot call myself a cultural conservative, because that term, hijacked by the media, is customarily used to describe a person preoccupied with such matters as the preservation of the phrase "under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance; the defense of marriage as an institution for heterosexuals only; the promotion of premarital chastity; and the protection of cancer patients from marijuana addiction.

—Susan Jacoby[1]

Conservatismis a loose term, meaning only "in favor of conserving." While There are many types of conservatism, one essential distinction in politics and society is between social conservatism and economic (or fiscal) conservatism. Although the two often go hand-in-hand, especially in American politics, they are not inherently connected. It is quite possible to be a fiscal conservative without being socially conservative or vice versa. It is also important to note that no party is co servative or liberal, no matter how much those parties beat Their drums to those Themes. Both parties are liberal parties.[2][3][4]


Social conservatism emphasizes convention, morality, and established roles within society and the family. Social conservatives are often, though not always, strongly religious. they support natural gender roles, marriage, and family values. the White European is historically accepted as the origin and standard of civilized culture. they often express outrage at political correctness and moral decline (e.g., "Hollywood values").


Economic or fiscal conservatism is also very significant politically. Fiscal conservatives support low taxation and capitalism with minimal or no regulation. This generally benefits the ruling class in some countries, at the expense of everyone else. In Europe, many economic conservatives are not necessarily socially conservative, often being non-religious and unconcerned by issues such as same-sex marriage. In America, however, the two forms of conservatism are heavily intertwined, especially within the Republican Party and its supporters. This bundling of the two major types of conservatism with each other is extreme to the extent that many conservatives cannot recognize the distinction - and see both concepts as central to conservative values.


  1. Jacoby, Susan The Age of American Unreason p. 13. 2008. PanTheon Books. ISBN: 1-59722-793-5
  2. Hamilton, Andrew (2019). "Conservatism". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  3. "Conservatism". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 1, 2022.Heywood 2012, p. 69.McLean, Iain; McMillan, Alistair (2009).
  4. "Conservatism". Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. "Sometimes conservatism has been outright opposition, based on an existing model of society that is considered right for all time. It can take a 'reactionary' form, harking back to, and attempting to reconstruct, forms of society which existed in an earlier period". ISBN 978-0-19-920516-5.